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Once a person is determined to have a malignant tumor or the diagnosis of breast cancer, the healthcare team will determine staging to communicate how far the disease has progressed. Determining the stage helps determine the best way to contain and eliminate the breast cancer. If breast cancer has spread, or metastasizedevidence be may found in the bones, liver, lungs, or brain.
We will also be fully updating our staging articles on this site to include all the new information. Breast cancer is typically described in stagesaccording to the presence and size of the tumor and its metastasis in the axillary lymph nodesand other factors. T refers to the tumor size.
All authors reported that they have no commercial affiliations or financial interests that pose a potential conflict of interest with this article. Following diagnosis of breast cancer, patients undergo assessment for local and systemic treatment. Establishing a relationship and communication with the patient is critical to this assessment, as are history-taking, clinical breast examination, review of imaging studies, and interactive discussion with the patient of treatment options and possible breast reconstruction. Some type of surgical therapy is indicated in virtually all women with breast cancer, generally as the first part of a multicomponent treatment plan.
The breast cancer TNM staging system is the most common way that doctors stage breast cancer. Your scans and tests give some information about the stage of your cancer. But your doctor might not be able to tell you the exact stage until you have surgery.
Breast cancer stage describes the extent of the cancer within your body. Breast cancer stage is the most important factor for prognosis. In general, the earlier the stage, the better the prognosis will be.
Staging and grading usually happens after your breast tumour has been removed by surgery, as a pathologist will need to test the tissue in a laboratory and examine it under a microscope. The grade of a tumour indicates what the cells look like and gives an idea of how quickly the cancer may grow and spread. Tumours are graded between 1 and 3.